The Wheat Code is Finally Cracked: Indian team contributed to sequencing of one of the 21 chromosomes

Shifting the limits in wheat research and breeding using a fully annotated reference genome (

The International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC) published on Friday, 17th August 2018, in the international journal Science a detailed description of the genome of bread wheat, the world’s most widely cultivated crop. Sequencing the bread wheat genome was long considered an impossible task, due to its enormous size – five times larger than the human genome and 40 times larger than rice genome – and complexity – bread wheat has three sub-genomes and more than 85% of the genome is composed of repeated elements. The high quality reference genome will pave the way for development of wheat varieties with higher yields, enhanced nutritional quality, improved sustainability and better adapted to climate challenges.

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